Civil engineering is simply a professional engineering procedure that is associated with the design, building and up keep of the physical and naturally constructed environment, including establishments like canals, roads, bridges, buildings and dams. It is the most dated of the principal disciplines of engineering and is essentially divided into a number of areas, these include municipal engineering, environmental engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, coastal engineering, surveying, construction engineering, structural engineering, and transportation engineering.
Surveyors and Engineering
Engineering has been an aspect of life since the beginnings of human existence. Engineering surveyors are generally responsible for: Investigating land, using computer-based measuring instruments and geographical knowledge, to work out the best position to construct bridges, tunnels and roads; Producing up-to-date plans which form the basis for the design of a project; Setting out a site, so that a structure is built in the correct spot and to the correct size; Monitoring the construction process to make sure that the structure remains in the right position, and recording the final as-built position; Providing control points by which the future movement of structures such as dams or bridges can be monitored.
Construction Engineering and Surveying
Construction engineering involves planning and execution of the designs from transportation, site development, hydraulic, environmental, structural and geotechnical engineers. Construction surveying is generally performed by specialized technicians. Construction surveyors perform the following tasks:Survey existing conditions of the future work site, including topography, existing buildings and infrastructure, and even including underground infrastructure whenever possible; Construction surveying (otherwise “lay-out” or “setting-out”): to stake out reference points and markers that will guide the construction of new structures such as roads or buildings for subsequent construction; Verify the location of structures during construction; As-Built surveying: a survey conducted at the end of the construction project to verify that the work authorized was completed to the specifications set on plans.
Structural engineers work with architects and builders to assure that steel and other material used in construction projects exceeds the needs of a given project. Structural engineering is an area within civil engineering, dealing with the effects of variable repeated loads on structures, crash worthiness of structures, design criteria, structural steel connections, buckling of concrete panels and high-strength concrete, and timber structural members and systems.
Design considerations will include strength, stiffness, and stability of the structure when subjected to loads which may be static, such as furniture or self-weight, or dynamic, such as wind, seismic, crowd or vehicle loads, or transitory, such as temporary construction loads or impact.
Civil Engineering Career Opportunities
Engineering graduates start their engineering career with low responsibility, and as they prove themselves, Civil Engineers will choose to work in different segments of the market this will usually determine their career path. Senior Civil engineers can progress into doing more design work, maintaining complex design projects and also managing other Civil Engineers.
In some fields and firms, entry-level engineers are put to work primarily monitoring construction in the field, serving as the “eyes and ears” of more senior design engineers; while in other areas, entry-level engineers end up performing the more routine tasks of analysis or design and interpretation.
A civil engineering career could prove both rewarding and very exciting. Particularly when we are to think of just some of the modern masterpieces created in today’s engineering fields. Even for those who will never opt for a career in engineering, just the knowledge and understanding of the field can be very satisfying for anybody who is only remotely interested in the topic.